There are many reasons why you’re suddenly experiencing pain across multiple joints. It’s a condition that’s known as arthralgia. When we’re talking about joint pain across various points, this is known as polyarthralgia.
Here’s a list of signs and symptoms if you’re feeling polyarthralgia:
- Persistent pain
- Joint swelling
- Reduced ability to walk
- Joint stiffness
- Muscle weakness
- Tingling feeling in the affected joint
However, these signs and symptoms will differ according to the patients’ state and the underlying condition causing the painful joints in the first place.
Causes of Polyarthralgia
There are many reasons why someone might experience a sudden onset of pain in many joints; check out the following list:
Whether it’s rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, the result is similar. Both are inflammatory conditions that cause your joints to swell up, become inflamed, stiff, painful, and hard to move.
Arthritis is considered one of the leading causes of multiple joint pain; it can suddenly affect someone’s life and significantly decrease the quality of life of those affected by it.
A regimented plan of treatment is needed for any arthritic patient to help them relieve their symptoms and constant pain.
Sometimes, we bump our knees or legs into a table or a sharp object and forget all about it. However, our joints don’t forget. The same goes for polyarthralgia caused by an injury; maybe it’s a car accident, perhaps it’s from a fall, or maybe even from overloading on ourselves in the gym.
These are all sources of polyarthralgia that, over time can turn into chronic pain that will be treated on a long-term basis.
This is why it’s always important to mind your movements and activities and to make sure never to overbear your body; in case there’s an injury due to an accident make sure to take precautions and visit your doctor right away.
It was scientifically proven that patients with problems in their thyroid gland especially those who suffer from autoimmune chronic thyroiditis (a condition where the thyroid gland attacks the body) or hypothyroidism (a condition with an underactive thyroid gland) are strongly linked to symptoms of polyarthralgia.
Not to worry though; these same studies also reveal that proper treatment with replacement therapy of thyroxin can significantly improve these symptoms and treat polyarthralgia.
There are some types of bacterial and viral infections that can cause polyarthralgia. There were many case reports of patients suffering from muscle weakness, rash, fever, and joint pain at multiple points.
Upon analyzing their blood samples, it was found that there was evidence of viral infections that they got from travelling to other countries (ex.: Mayaro Virus).
Some of these patients had to be treated with anti-inflammatory medications to treat their severe polyarthralgia.
Previously known as the King’s disease for spreading from eating too many proteins and meats.
Gout can also play a role in displaying polyarthralgia symptoms due to the accumulation of salt crystals between joints that can cause excruciating pain, limit their mobility, and make them inflamed.
Although treated by diet, pain medications, and lifestyle changes, it still can affect joint movement and cause pain at multiple points.
We can all agree that this is one of the most severe conditions affecting someone’s life.
Therefore, it’s no surprise that having polyarthralgia can be one of the symptoms of bone cancer.
Suffering from the dire complications of bone cancer from anemia, susceptibility to infections, spinal cord instability, decreased mobility to excessive pain can explain why polyarthralgia is one of the signs of detecting bone cancer.
We recommend visiting your doctor immediately upon feeling any previously mentioned symptoms.
Diagnosis of Polyarthralgia
To diagnose polyarthralgia, many tests will be ordered by your healthcare professional to pinpoint the exact cause and advise on the best treatment plan to follow.
They usually revolve around finding the following from the patients:
- List of symptoms
- Medical history
- Physical examination
- Biochemical laboratory test (ex. Uric acid, C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor, etc.,)
- Diagnostic imaging techniques (ex. X-ray, CT scan, PET scan, MRI, etc.,)
Treatment of Polyarthralgia
To manage the signs and symptoms of polyarthralgia and successfully treat the condition, a diagnosis must first be reached on the underlying reason causing the disease.
There are many options; these include:
- Physical therapy
- Over the counter pain medication
- Anti-inflammatory tablets or injections
- Diet and lifestyle changes
- Light exercises
A treatment plan needs to be crafted by your doctor to specifically meet your needs and successfully target the source of your pain.
To Sum Up
Generally, polyarthralgia or sudden onset of joint pain at multiple points is not a severe disease to worry about or make you anxious or depressed. It’s treatable and can easily be managed after following a guided therapeutic plan.
Nevertheless, you should never ignore any symptoms of joint pain because the underlying condition can be as dangerous and deadly as bone cancer.
So, the trick is to stay ahead of any health threats and take matters into your own hands by regularly checking when you feel that something is wrong.
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